As one of the most rural countries in Europe (45%), with low population density, a difficult economic history and some rugged terrain, Romania faces major challenges in building a broadband infrastructure. Despite this, Romania’s broadband profile compares well with other countries in Eastern Europe and is ahead of European averages on Standard and HSPA measures of rural coverage (86% and 93% respectively).
This has been achieved with a significantly different technology profile from the standard in most European countries. Rather than direct DSL, the dominant mode of fixed broadband provision is by distribution from nodes located in apartment blocks. Backhaul from the node is usually by fibre but sometimes by copper. Distribution within the block is most often by LAN, but also by VDSL or coaxial cable.
Reflecting this, the broadband data available for Romania is segmented in a different way from other countries. To accommodate it within the framework of the project we used two different technology categories which provide services equivalent in performance to DSL and VDSL. These are identified for convenience as DSL* and VDSL* but they are different technologically from DSL and VDSL.
DSL* is defined as including a variety of solutions, typically involving shared backhaul from LAN or coaxial cable distribution within apartment blocks, which provide download speeds of under 30Mbps. VDSL* represents solutions offering 30Mbps and above, either by VDSL direct to the end-user or FTTB backhaul from in-building VDSL distribution networks. And whereas the numbers for DSL include VDSL, where it is available, DSL* does not include VDSL*, and the two networks are assumed to be complementary rather than overlapping.
Only Bucharest and its region enjoys 100% standard broadband coverage in Romania, otherwise coverage ranges down from 99% to 84% for most areas. Two provinces, the most western and the most north-eastern have less than this, with 75% and 74% respectively.
As far as NGA is concerned, Bucharest is more clearly ahead of the rest of the country with 82% coverage while no other area has better than 60%. The more urban provinces mostly have between 60% and 35% while most of the rest of the country has between 30% and 20%. The exception is the far north-eastern province, Botosani, with only 9%.
|Persons per household||2.9|
Coverage by technology
|Docsis 3 cable||22.9%||0.0%|
Point Topic maps broadband coverage in every square kilometre across Europe. For more details, please visit the Broadband Competition Map of Europe page or contact Tim Johnson at firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone +44(0)20 3301 3303.