November 25, 2012 | Tim Johnson
One of the European Union’s most ambitious targets is to make sure that all its citizens can get access to superfast broadband at home, if they choose, by 2020. A new study by broadband specialists Point Topic shows Finland is now almost 68% towards achieving that aim. This means that 68% of Finnish homes can subscribe to superfast broadband services delivering at least 30Mbps (megabits per second) of bandwidth.
Finland has overcome its geographical disadvantages, with one of the lowest population densities among the study countries, to achieve high coverage of all broadband services. Coverage of the different superfast technologies is well ahead, or at least equal, to the European averages. Not only does Finland have the highest total superfast coverage for any country with such a spread-out population it also has one of the highest levels for rural areas. Not least, it is also one of only two countries in the EU with 100% coverage of HSPA, the 3G mobile broadband standard. (The other is its neighbor Estonia.)
The study has been produced for DG Connect, the department of the European Commission which is responsible for its “Digital Agenda” strategy. The purpose of the Digital Agenda is to harness the internet and other digital technologies to drive sustainable economic growth. Neelie Kroes, the Commission vice-president responsible, wants to see €7 billion earmarked for EU investments in broadband to help reach Digital Agenda targets, which in turn is meant to draw in private funds of many times that amount.
“This study gives us the best view so far of where action is needed on broadband coverage,” says Neelie Kroes. “It will help to guide decisions on where EU and private money can be invested to provide the best long-term return for taxpayers and investors such as pension funds.”
Called Broadband Coverage in Europe in 2011, the new study shows that 98% of the homes in Finland can now get basic broadband, meaning services offering at least 144kbps (kilobits per second), if they want to subscribe. Almost 68% can already get superfast broadband (also known as NGA, for Next Generation Access). Looking at the 29 study countries as a whole (all 27 members of the EU, plus Norway and Iceland), 96% can already get basic broadband and over 50% – half way to the “digital heaven” target for 2020 – can get superfast.
Basic broadband is fairly widespread now, only three EU countries have less than 90% coverage. But there are huge variations in superfast availability both internationally and within countries. As far as Finland is concerned, the map shows that a group of provinces in the south-west have over 65% NGA coverage and in fact Uusimaa, which includes the capital Helsinki, has 97%. Many of the other provinces are close to that level but the project research found no evidence of NGA services in eight provinces, including the far north of Finland and the Aaland islands.
The study also shows how competing technologies are sharing out the superfast broadband market as illustrated on the chart. Docsis 3 broadband over the cable TV network is the most important superfast technology in Finland, with 68% coverage. This is some way ahead of the situation across Europe as a whole where Docsis 3 also leads on 37%. FTTP (fibre-to-the-premises, meaning to apartment blocks or individual homes) comes second in Finland with 26% coverage, also well ahead of the European average of 12%. Only VDSL, which provides superfast speeds over the telephone network, is slightly behind the European average of 21% with 20% coverage.
“When we add all these technologies together we have to take account of the overlap,” explains Tim Johnson, who led the project as Point Topic’s Chief Analyst. “This is how we get to superfast coverage of 68% in Finland.” The problem is that the superfast operators compete to serve the richer and more densely populated areas in each country, leaving others underserved. “Hopefully this project will give policy-makers some of the information they need to start addressing that problem,” says Johnson.
Key to technologies
DSL – provides broadband speeds up to 24 megabits per second over the telephone network
VDSL (Very-fast DSL) – provides superfast speeds (30Mbps or more) over the telephone network
FTTP (fibre-to-the-premises) – delivers the fastest possible broadband over optical fibre to apartment blocks or all the way to individual homes
WiMAX – the up-to-date standard for broadband over wireless links to fixed aerials
Standard cable – provides broadband over cable TV networks using older standards
Docsis 3 cable – the up-to-date standard for providing superfast broadband over cable TV networks
HSPA – the up-to-date standard for mobile broadband over 3G networks
LTE – the new standard for fourth-generation (4G) mobile broadband
Satellite – two-way broadband delivered over the newest satellites using KA-Band technology
Standard combination – shows the combined coverage of all the fixed-line broadband technologies
NGA combination – shows the combined c overage of all the fixed-line superfast broadband technologies (VDSL, FTTP and Docsis 3)
About Point Topic
Point Topic is the primary websource for DSL, FTTx, cable and other broadband supplier and user statistics, databases, information and reports. Its data is in use worldwide amongst governments, commercial organisations and as general reference. A range of online services provides the most up-to-date, accurate and cost effective worldwide and UK specific broadband data sets available.