Finland is well ahead of the averages on all the technology combinations, particularly those relating to rurality and NGA. It has the fourth highest rural NGA coverage for example, at 31%. Not least it has 100% HSPA coverage reflecting its industrial strengths and priorities. This is particularly impressive considering Finland is level with Norway with the lowest population density of all the study countries of mainland Europe (16 persons per sq km), and with one-third of the population living in rural areas.
Finland achieves this with good coverage by the full range of NGA technologies. It has an extensive cable network (Docsis 3 coverage is fifth highest in Europe at 68%) and fairly high FTTP coverage (21%) but also a relatively high VDSL rollout at 20%. Its blanket coverage of HSPA is now being matched by the rapid spread of LTE services, sixth highest in the study countries, at 25% by the end of 2011.
Of the NGA options, only Docsis 3 spreads significantly into the rural sector, providing 31% coverage. The study found little or no rural presence of VDSL, FTTP or LTE. WiMAX has a significant role in filling the gaps left by DSL for standard coverage.
Finland has uniformly high standard broadband coverage. The south-western province of Uusimaa which includes the capital Helsinki and Finland’s second largest city, Espoo, has 99.7% coverage, but all provinces have at least 95%, even the most rural.
With NGA there are much bigger contrasts. Uusimaa has 97% coverage. All the other south-western provinces are over 65% or just short of it, and so are a number of the more central and eastern ones. But the project research showed no evidence of NGA services in eight provinces, including the far north of Finland and the Aaland islands.
|Persons per household||2.1|
Coverage by technology
|Docsis 3 cable||67.8%||31.3%|
Point Topic maps broadband coverage in every square kilometre across Europe. For more details, please visit the Broadband Competition Map of Europe page or contact Tim Johnson at firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone +44(0)20 3301 3303.