Coverage data for Finland was also updated significantly since we last reported for end-2011. The VDSL network in Finland was much more extensive than previously thought, but its cable and WiMAX coverage was lower.
Overall, Finland was ahead of the European Union average for NGA coverage but behind for standard fixed coverage and NGA coverage of rural households.
DSL and cable coverage in Finland were comparable to the average in the EU in 2012, at 92.5% and 42.0% respectively. FTTP covered a third of all households, placing Finland well ahead of the average coverage levels. But these networks mostly overlap, and overall coverage of standard fixed services was only 93.1%. WiMAX only contributed a small amount to coverage, and not enough to fill the gap.
Finland benefits from offering a wide range of NGA services offering good coverage, rather than having a leading position with any particular service. Finland’s VDSL network was found to be extensive and it ranks tenth overall for coverage. Coupled with the heavy commitment to fibre in Finland and reasonable Docsis 3 coverage, itsNGA coverage is higher than the EU average. Due to overlap between the networks, we estimate that 65% of households in Finland could access an NGA service at the end of 2012. Finland also has the fourth most extensive LTE service in the study, with nearly 70% of households able to access services in the same period. These results are particularly impressive given that Finland has one of the lowest population densities in the study.
Using the new study definition for rurality means that there were significantly fewer rural households reported in Finland for 2012. HSPA was the key technology for delivering services to these rural households, covering more than 97% by the end of 2012 with FTTP also playing its part. However, the apparent lack of DSL coverage in the most rural areas means that Finland falls well behind the EU average for standard fixed coverage in rural areas in 2012.
New data has shown that the coverage of standard fixed broadband services is not as uniform as we believed.
Virtually all households in the Åland islands were covered by standard fixed and NGA broadband at the end of 2012. This is due to extensive fibre coverage reported for this area. Beyond this, Ostrobothnia and Central Ostrobothnia on the western coast offered high levels of standard fixed and NGA broadband.
Point Topic maps broadband coverage in every square kilometre across Europe. For more details, please visit the Broadband Competition Map of Europe page or contact Tim Johnson at email@example.com or telephone +44(0)20 3301 3303.